Science and technology of the Han Dynasty Papermaking has traditionally been traced to China about ADwhen Cai Lunan official attached to the Imperial court during the Han Dynasty BC-ADcreated a sheet of paper using mulberry and other bast fibres along with fishnetsold rags, and hemp waste. History of printing in East Asia The Chinese invention of woodblock printingat some point before the first dated book in the Diamond Sutraproduced the world's first print culture. Hyatt Mayorcurator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art"it was the Chinese who really discovered the means of communication that was to dominate until our age.
Chinese alcoholic rice wine containers. Alcoholic beverage and the process of fermentation: The earliest archaeological evidence of fermentation and the consumption of alcoholic beverages was discovered in neolithic China dating from — BC.
Examination and analysis of ancient pottery jars from the neolithic village of Jiahu in Henan province in northern China revealed fermented residue left behind by the alcoholic beverages they once contained. According to a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Scienceschemical analysis of the residue revealed that the fermented drink was made from fruit, rice and honey.
Clapper-bells made of pottery have been found in several archaeological sites. With the emergence of other kinds of bells during the Shang Dynasty c. The earliest evidence of wooden coffin remains, dated at BC, was found in the Tomb 4 at Beishouling, Shaanxi.
Clear evidence of a wooden coffin in the form of a rectangular shape was found in Tomb in an early Banpo site.
The Banpo coffin belongs to a four-year-old girl, measuring 1. As many as 10 wooden coffins have been found from the Dawenkou culture — BC site at Chengzi, Shandong.
Cookware and pottery vessel: The earliest pottery, used as vessels, was discovered infound in Xianrendong Cave located in the Jiangxi province of China. The dagger-axe or ge was developed from agricultural stone implement during the Neolithic, dagger-axe made of stone are found in the Longshan culture — BC site at Miaodian, Henan.
It also appeared as ceremonial and symbolic jade weapon at around the same time, two being dated from about BC, are found at the Lingjiatan site in Anhui. It consisted of a long wooden shaft with a bronze knife blade attached at a right angle to the end.
The weapon could be swung down or inward in order to hook or slash, respectively, at an enemy. Some of the earliest evidence of water wells are located in China. The Chinese discovered and made extensive use of deep drilled groundwater for drinking. The Chinese text The Book of Changesoriginally a divination text of the Western Zhou dynasty BCcontains an entry describing how the ancient Chinese maintained their wells and protected their sources of water.
A well excavated at the Hemudu excavation site was believed to have been built during the Neolithic era. The oldest fired bricks were found at the Neolithic Chinese site of Chengtoushandating back to BC. By BC, fired bricks were being used at Chengtoushan to pave roads and form building foundations, roughly at the same time as the Indus Valley Civilisation.
While sun-dried bricks were used much earlier in Mesopotamia, fired bricks are significantly stronger as a building material. Bricks continued to be used during 2nd millennium BC at a site near Xi'an. The carpenter's manual Yingzao Fashipublished in during the medieval Chinese Song dynasty described the brick making process and glazing techniques then in use.
A painted stick dating from BCE excavated at the astronomical site of Taosi is the oldest gnomon known in China. The ancient Chinese used shadow measurements for creating calendars that are mentioned in several ancient texts. According to the collection of Zhou Chinese poetic anthologies Classic of Poetryone of the distant ancestors of King Wen of the Zhou dynasty used to measure gnomon shadow lengths to determine the orientation around the 14th-century BC.
Chinese jade has played a role in China's science and technological history. Jade was prized for its hardnessdurabilitymusical qualitiesand beauty. Lacquer was used in China since the Neolithic period and came from a substance extracted from the lac tree found in China.
The discovery in northern China of domesticated varieties of broomcorn and foxtail millet from BC, or earlier, suggests that millet cultivation might have predated that of rice in parts of Asia. The success of the early Chinese millet farmers is still reflected today in the DNA of many modern East Asian populations, such studies have shown that the ancestors of those farmers probably arrived in the area between 30, and 20, BPand their bacterial haplotypes are still found in today populations throughout East Asia.China has been the source of many innovations, scientific discoveries and inventions.
This includes the Four Great Inventions: papermaking, the compass, gunpowder, and printing (both woodblock and movable type). Important Innovations of the Shang Dynasty The lunar calender created under the Shang Dynasty was used into the twentieth century; it was based on cycles of Shang astronomers also recognized the solar calender that we have today, with a year being days long.
Printing, paper money, porcelain, tea, restaurants, gunpowder, the compass—the number of things that Chinese of the Song Dynasty (A.D.
) gave to the world is mind-boggling.
Chinese have bestowed the four greatest inventions in the world – compass, gunpowder, papermaking, and printing, which is celebrated as the four greatest Chinese invention even .
The Chinese invented gunpowder, the compass, the waterwheel, paper money, long-distance banking, the civil service, and merit promotion. Until the early 19th century, China’s economy was more. China has been the source of many innovations, scientific discoveries and inventions.
This includes the Four Great Inventions: papermaking, the compass, gunpowder, and printing (both woodblock and movable type).The list below contains these and other inventions in China attested by archaeological or historical evidence. The historical region now known as China experienced a history involving.