It was clear that a child had passed around these books for friends, relatives and classmates to sign 70 years ago. The ink-and-pen verses, sweet and innocent, really charmed my wife. We found a special place for them on a shelf in our home.
All children are special, but some children are really special. The year saw the composition of more symphonies, concertos for bassoon and for two violins in a style recalling J. Bachserenades, and several sacred works. Mozart was now a salaried court Konzertmeister, and the sacred music in particular was intended for local use.
Archbishop Colloredo, a progressive churchman, discouraged lavish music and set a severe time limit on mass settings, which Mozart objected to but was obliged to observe.
It shows Mozart, in his first comic opera since his childhood, finding ways of using the orchestra more expressively and of giving real personality to the pasteboard figures of Italian opera buffa.
Mozart, Violin Concerto No. The work was for him undemanding and by no means compatible with his abilities. His most impressive piece for the church was the Litaniae de venerabili altaris sacramento Kwhich embraces a wide range of styles fugues, choruses of considerable dramatic force, florid arias, and a plainchant setting.
The instrumental works included divertimentos, concertos, and serenades, notably the Haffner Kwhich in its use of instruments and its richness of working carried the serenade style into the symphonic without prejudicing its traditional warmth and high spirits. The five concertos for violin, all from this period No.
The use of popular themes in the finales is typically south German. He also wrote a concerto for three pianos and three piano concertos, the last of them, Kshowing a new level of maturity in technique and expressive range.
Mannheim and Paris It must have been abundantly clear by this time to Mozart as well as his father that a small provincial court like that at Salzburg was no place for a genius of his order.
In he petitioned the archbishop for his release and, with his mother to watch over him, set out to find new opportunities. They went first to Munich, where the elector politely declined to offer Mozart a post. Next they visited Augsburg, staying with relatives; there Mozart struck up a lively friendship with his cousin Maria Anna Thekla they later had a correspondence involving much playful, obscene humour.
At the end of October they arrived at Mannheimwhere the court of the Elector Palatine was musically one of the most famous and progressive in Europe. Mozart stayed there for more than four months, although he soon learned that again no position was to be had.
He became friendly with the Mannheim musicians, undertook some teaching and playing, accepted and partly fulfilled a commission for flute music from a German surgeon, and fell in love with Aloysia Weber, a soprano, the second of four daughters of a music copyist.
He also composed several piano sonatas, some with violin. He put to his father a scheme for traveling to Italy with the Webers, which, naive and irresponsible, met with an angry response: They reached Paris late in Marchand Mozart soon found work. By the time of its premiere, on June 18, his mother was seriously ill, and on July 3 she died.
Mozart had in fact secured a position in Paris that might well have satisfied his father but which clearly did not satisfy Mozart himself; there is no evidence, in any case, that he informed his father of either the offer or his decision to refuse it.
Summoned home, Mozart reluctantly obeyed, tarrying en route in Mannheim and in Munich—where the Mannheim musicians had now mostly moved and where he was coolly received by Aloysia Weber.
He reached Salzburg in mid-January Back in Salzburg, Mozart seems to have been eager to display his command of international styles: His outstanding orchestral work of this period was, however, the sinfonia concertante for violin and viola K ; the genre was popular in both cities, and there are many features of the Mannheim style in the orchestral writing, but the character of the work, its ingenious instrumental interplay, and its depth of feeling are unmistakably Mozartian.
Also from this time came the cheerful two-piano concerto and the two-piano sonataas well as a number of sacred works, including the best-known of his complete masses, the Coronation Mass.
But it was dramatic music that attracted Mozart above all. He had lately written incidental music to a play by Tobias Philipp von Gebler, and during —80 he composed much of a singspiel, known as Zaide, although with no sure prospects of performance.
So Mozart must have been delighted, in the summer ofto receive a commission to compose a serious Italian opera for Munich. The subject was to be Idomeneus, king of Crete, and the librettist the local cleric Giambattista Varesco, who was to follow a French text of Mozart could start work in Salzburg as he already knew the capacities of several of the singers, but he went to Munich some 10 weeks before the date set for the premiere.
Leopold remained at home until close to the time of the premiere and acted as a link between Mozart and Varesco; their correspondence is accordingly richly informative about the process of composition.
First, he was anxious, as always, to assure his father of the enthusiasm with which the singers received his music. Second, he was concerned about cuts: Third, he was always eager to make modifications that rendered the action more natural and plausible.
And fourth, he was much occupied with accommodating the music and the action to the needs and the limitations of the singers. He was resentful and insulted. Matters came to a head at an interview with Archbishop Colloredo, who, according to Mozart, used unecclesiastical language; Mozart requested his discharge, which was eventually granted at a stormy meeting with the court steward on June 9, Learn write with free interactive flashcards.
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