Compare and contrast the work of harry harlow and mary anisworth on understanding attachment essay

Rochester Institute of Technology Attachment theory is one of the most studied aspects of psychology today. The attachment model explains infant behavior towards their attachment figure, during separation and reunion times.

Compare and contrast the work of harry harlow and mary anisworth on understanding attachment essay

Is your child securely attached? The original test of the infant-parent bond We hear a lot about "secure attachment relationships. This article discusses how babies respond, and reviews why some children are insecurely-attached.

It also considers an important question: To what extent has research over-emphasized the role of the mother? What is a secure attachment? The attachment figure serves as a "secure base" from which the child can confidently explore the world.

But how can you know if researchers would classify your own baby as securely attached? How do they actually measure attachment security? The original method, developed by the influential psychologist Mary Ainsworth, is the laboratory procedure called the "Strange Situation" Ainsworth et al Typically, the Strange Situation tests how babies or young children respond to the temporary absence of their mothers.

The room has toys or other interesting things in it, and the mother lets the child explore the room on her own. After the child has had time to explore, a stranger enters the room and talks with the mother. Then the stranger shifts attention to the child. As the stranger approaches the child, the mother sneaks away.

Compare and contrast the work of harry harlow and mary anisworth on understanding attachment essay

After several minutes, the mother returns. She comforts her child and then leaves again. The stranger leaves as well. A few minutes later, the stranger returns and interacts with the child. Finally, the mother returns and greets her child.

How children respond to the Strange Situation As suggested by its name, the Strange Situation was designed to present children with an unusual, but not overwhelmingly frightening, experience Ainsworth et al When a child undergoes the Strange Situation, researchers are interested in two things: How much the child explores the room on his own, and 2.

He may be distressed when his mother leaves, and he explores less when she is absent. But he is happy when she returns. If he cries, he approaches his mother and holds her tightly. He is comforted by being held, and, once comforted, he is soon ready to resume his independent exploration of the world.

His mother is responsive to his needs. As a result, he knows he can depend on her when he is under stress Ainsworth et al She shows no preference for her mother over a complete stranger. When her mother returns, she tends to avoid or ignore her Ainsworth et al Two of the most major contributors to our understanding of attachment are Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth, who have provided a series of work that has improved our understanding of this psychological phenomenon.

There are many similarities and differences between the two sets of work.

To compare and contrast will be to emphasise the similarities and differences of both Harlow and Ainsworth’s work on understanding attachment, to which they have both made great contribution. Attachment refers to the mutually affectionate developing bond between a mother and any other caregiver (Custance ).

Question: Compare and contrast the work of Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on understanding attachment. Answer: This essay will compare and contrast the research carried out by two psychologists Mary Ainsworth and Harry Harlow.

Firstly, to give some background to these two sets of research it may be useful to explain why the research was carried out and how. To compare and contrast will be to emphasise the similarities and differences of both Harlow and Ainsworth’s work on understanding attachment, to which they have both made great contribution.

Attachment refers to the mutually affectionate developing bond between a mother and any other caregiver (Custance ). Peter_Carey - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. nice book about literature. Attachment Theory essaysTo begin to understand the attachment theory one must first understand and have a clear definition of what attachment is.

From my point of view attachment is a lasting, secure and positive bond between a child and a caregiver, a reciprocal relationship.

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